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J Neurosci. 2007 Nov 14;27(46):12690-9.

Increased expression of golli myelin basic proteins enhances calcium influx into oligodendroglial cells.

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Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, University of California at Los Angeles Geffen Medical School, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA.


The myelin basic protein (MBP) gene encodes two families of proteins: the classic MBP constituents of myelin and the golli-MBPs, the function of which is less well understood. Previous work suggests that golli proteins may play a role in Ca2+ homeostasis in oligodendrocytes (OLs) and in T-cells. Overexpression of golli in OL cell lines induces elaboration of sheets and processes. Live imaging of these cells revealed a rapid retraction of the processes and sheets after depolarization with high K+. This phenomenon was associated with a significant increase in [Ca2+]int without changes in cell viability. The results indicated that golli produced its effect through Ca2+ influx, rather than Ca2+ release from intracellular stores. Furthermore, a specific [Ca2+]int chelator (BAPTA) or Cd2+, a specific blocker of voltage-operated Ca2+ channels, abolished the ability of golli to promote process extension in a dose-dependent manner. Analysis of the golli protein identified a myristoylation site at the C terminus of the golli domain, which was essential for the action of golli on Ca2+ influx, suggesting that binding of golli to the plasma membrane is important for modulating Ca2+ homeostasis. High-resolution spatiotemporal analysis along N19 processes revealed higher-amplitude local Ca2+ influx in regions with elevated levels of golli. These findings suggest a key role for golli proteins in regulating voltage-gated Ca2+ channels in OLs during process remodeling. Our observations are consistent with the hypothesis that golli proteins, as a part of a protein complex, modulate Ca2+ influx at the plasma membrane and along OL processes.

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