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Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2007 Dec;8(17):2895-901.

Effect of biphasic insulin aspart on glucose and lipid control in patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus.

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1
University of Belgrade, School of Medicine, Institute for Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolic Diseases, Clinical Centre of Serbia, Dr Subotica 13, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia. nmlalic@sbb.co.yu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This study examined the efficacy and safety of biphasic insulin aspart 30 (BIAsp 30) monotherapy in insulin-naive patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:

In this 12-week, open-labelled, uncontrolled, clinical-experience study involving 71 patients with secondary oral antidiabetic agent failure, patients received BIAsp 30 after discontinuing oral antidiabetic drugs (OADs). Glucose and lipid concentrations, hypoglycaemic episodes and adverse events were assessed before and after treatment. Patient data were categorised according to previous OADs into the biguanides (BI) plus sulfonylureas/meglitinides (SU/MEG) and SU-only groups.

RESULTS:

After treatment, glucose and lipid control was significantly improved in both groups, with a greater improvement in the SU-only group. Mean glycated haemoglobin, fasting blood glucose and postprandial blood glucose excursion improved by 2.15 +/- 1.24%, 3.70 +/- 3.18 mmol/l and 1.26 +/- 2.65 mmol/l in the BI plus SU/MEG group, and by 3.09 +/- 1.62%, 6.11 +/- 5.02 mmol/l and 2.06 +/- 2.33 mmol/l in the SU-only group, respectively. Mean high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglycerides improved by 0.09 +/- 0.18 mmol/l and 0.94 +/- 1.17 mmol/l in the BI plus SU/MEG group and by 0.09 +/- 0.18 mmol/l and 1.04 +/- 2.72 mmol/l in the SU-only group, respectively. No major hypoglycaemic episodes or serious treatment-related adverse events were reported.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our study showed that BIAsp 30 treatment safely improved glucose and lipid control in insulin-naive patients with Type 2 diabetes poorly controlled on BI plus SU/MEG and SU-only. Key limitations were the lack of a comparator group and the short study duration.

PMID:
18001251
DOI:
10.1517/14656566.8.17.2895
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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