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J Agric Food Chem. 2007 Dec 26;55(26):10720-8. Epub 2007 Nov 15.

Polysaccharide profile and content during the vinification and aging of Tempranillo red wines.

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Department of Agriculture and Food Science, University of La Rioja, Spain.


Passing from must to wine produced a loss of low-molecular-weight grape structural glucosyl polysaccharides, and an important gain in yeast mannoproteins (MP) and grape-derived arabinogalactan proteins (AGP), and rhamnogalacturonans-II (RG-II). AGP were more easily extracted than RG-II, and small quantities of RG-II monomers and galacturonans were detected. Postmaceration produced a reduction in all grape polysaccharide families, particularly acute in AGP. The reduction of polysaccharides during malolactic fermentation only affected grape AGP, and MP were continuously liberated during the entire vinification process. Wine oak and bottle aging was associated with a relative stability of the polysaccharide families. AGP were thus the majority polysaccharides in young wines but, contrary to what may be thought, structural glucosyl oligosaccharides dominated in musts and MP in aged wines. Precipitation of polysaccharides was noticeable during vinification, and it mainly affected high-molecular-weight AGP and MP. Hydrolytic phenomena affected the balance of wine polysaccharides during late maceration-fermentation.

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