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J Exp Med. 2007 Nov 26;204(12):2925-34. Epub 2007 Nov 6.

Notch ligand Delta-like 4 regulates disease pathogenesis during respiratory viral infections by modulating Th2 cytokines.

Author information

1
Department of Pathology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA. mschalle@umich.edu

Abstract

Recent data have indicated that an important instructive class of signals regulating the immune response is Notch ligand-mediated activation. Using quantitative polymerase chain reaction, we observed that only Delta-like 4 (dll4) was up-regulated on bone marrow-derived dendritic cells after respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection, and that it was dependent on MyD88-mediated pathways. Using a polyclonal antibody specific for dll4, the development of RSV-induced disease was examined. Animals treated with anti-dll4 had substantially increased airway hyperresponsiveness compared with control antibody-treated animals. When the lymphocytic lung infiltrate was examined, a significant increase in total CD4+ T cells and activated (perforin+) CD8+ T cells was observed. Isolated lung CD4+ T cells demonstrated significant increases in Th2-type cytokines and a decrease in interferon gamma, demonstrating an association with increased disease pathogenesis. Parallel in vitro studies examining the integrated role of dll4 with interleukin-12 demonstrated that, together, both of these instructive signals direct the immune response toward a more competent, less pathogenic antiviral response. These data demonstrate that dll4-mediated Notch activation is one regulator of antiviral immunity.

PMID:
17998388
PMCID:
PMC2118527
DOI:
10.1084/jem.20070661
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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