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Phytochemistry. 2007 Nov-Dec;68(22-24):2736-43. Epub 2007 Nov 13.

Justicidin B 7-hydroxylase, a cytochrome P450 monooxygenase from cell cultures of Linum perenne Himmelszelt involved in the biosynthesis of diphyllin.

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  • 1Institut für Entwicklungs- und Molekularbiologie der Pflanzen, Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf, Universitätsstr. 1, D-40225 Düsseldorf, Germany.


Cell suspension cultures of Linum perenne L. Himmelszelt accumulate justicidin B as the main component together with glycosides of 7-hydroxyjusticidin B (diphyllin). A hypothetical biosynthetic pathway for these compounds is suggested. Justicidin B 7-hydroxylase (JusB7H) catalyzes the last step in the biosynthesis of diphyllin by introducing a hydroxyl group in position 7 of justicidin B. This enzyme was characterized from a microsomal fraction prepared from a Linum perenne Himmelszelt suspension culture for the first time. The hydroxylase activity was strongly inhibited by cytochrome c as well as other cytochrome P450 inhibitors like clotrimazole indicating the involvement of a cytochrome P450-dependent monooxygenase. JusB7H has a pH optimum of 7.4 and a temperature optimum of 26 degrees C. Justicidin B was the only substrate accepted by JusB7H with an apparent K(m) of 3.9+/-1.3 microM. NADPH is predominantly accepted as the electron donor, but NADH was a weak co-substrate. A synergistic effect of NADPH and NADH was not observed. The apparent K(m) for NADPH is 102+/-10 microM.

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