Send to

Choose Destination
Mol Cell. 2007 Nov 9;28(3):501-12.

A hypoxia-controlled cap-dependent to cap-independent translation switch in breast cancer.

Author information

Department of Microbiology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA.


Translational regulation is critical in cancer development and progression. Translation sustains tumor growth and development of a tumor vasculature, a process known as angiogenesis, which is activated by hypoxia. Here we first demonstrate that a majority of large advanced breast cancers overexpress translation regulatory protein 4E-BP1 and initiation factor eIF4G. Using model animal and cell studies, we then show that overexpressed 4E-BP1 and eIF4G orchestrate a hypoxia-activated switch from cap-dependent to cap-independent mRNA translation that promotes increased tumor angiogenesis and growth at the level of selective mRNA translation. Elevated levels of 4E-BP1 trigger hypoxia inhibition of cap-dependent mRNA translation at high-oxygen levels and, with eIF4G, increase selective translation of mRNAs containing internal ribosome entry sites (IRESs) that include key proangiogenic, hypoxia, and survival mRNAs. The switch from cap-dependent to cap-independent mRNA translation facilitates tumor angiogenesis and hypoxia responses in animal models.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center