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Diabetologia. 2008 Jan;51(1):183-90. Epub 2007 Nov 10.

Glucose fluctuations and activation of oxidative stress in patients with type 1 diabetes.

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Department of Internal Medicine, Academic Medical Center, Meibergdreef 9, 1105 AZ, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.



Glucose fluctuations may help predict diabetic complications. We evaluated the relation between glucose variability and oxidative stress in patients with type 1 diabetes.


Continuous glucose monitors were inserted subcutaneously in 25 patients. During the measurement, patients collected two 24 h urine samples, while 24 healthy controls collected one 24 h urine sample for determination of 15(S)-8-iso-prostaglandin F2alpha(PGF2alpha) using HPLC tandem mass spectrometry. Mean of the daily differences (MODD), mean amplitude of glycaemic excursions (MAGE) and continuous overlapping net glycaemic action calculated with n hour time-intervals (CONGA-n) were calculated as markers for glucose variability and correlation with 15(S)-8-iso-PGF2alpha excretion was calculated.


Median [interquartile range (IQR)] urinary 15(S)-8-iso-PGF2alpha was higher in patients than healthy controls: 161 (140-217) pg/mg creatinine vs 118 (101-146) pg/mg creatinine (p = 0.001). Median (IQR) MODD was 3.7 (3.2-5.0) mmol/l, MAGE 7.6 (6.4-9.0) mmol/l and CONGA-1 2.3 (2.1-2.8) mmol/l. Univariate regression did not reveal an association for MODD (r2 = 0.01), MAGE (0.08) or CONGA-1 (0.07) with 15(S)-8-iso-PGF2alpha excretion, nor was an association revealed when corrected for HbA1c, age, sex and smoking. Spearman correlation coefficients (r) between 15(S)-8-iso-PGF2alpha excretion and MODD, MAGE and CONGA-1 were non-significant: -0.112, -0.381 and -0.177.


We report that there is no relationship between glucose variability and urinary 15(S)-8-iso-PGF2alpha. We also confirm that patients with type 1 diabetes have higher levels of urinary 15(S)-8-iso-PGF2alpha than healthy controls, suggesting that in addition to glucose variability, other factors favouring oxidative stress may exist. We did not see a relation between high glucose variability and elevated levels of oxidative stress in patients with type 1 diabetes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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