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J Contemp Dent Pract. 2007 Nov 1;8(7):29-37.

A study of temperature rise in the pulp chamber during composite polymerization with different light-curing units.

Author information

1
Edinburgh Postgraduate Dental Institute, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK.

Abstract

AIM:

The study compared pulp temperature rise during polymerization of resin-based composites (RBCs) using halogen and LED light-curing units (LCUs).

METHODS AND MATERIALS:

A total of 32 teeth extracted from patients aged 11-18 years were used in the study. Thermocouples placed on the roof of the pulp chamber using a novel 'split-tooth' method. In Group 1 a halogen LCU with a light intensity of 450 mW cm(-2) was used and in Group 2, an LED LCU with a light intensity of 1100 mW cm(-2) was used. The teeth were placed in a water bath with the temperature regulated until both the pulp temperature and the ambient temperature were stable at 37 degrees C. Continuous temperature records were made via a data logger and computer. The increase in temperature from baseline to maximum was calculated for each specimen during the curing of both the bonding agent and the RBC.

RESULTS:

The rise in pulp temperature was significantly higher with the LED LCU than with the halogen LCU for bonding and RBC curing (p<0.05). The major rise in temperature occurred during the curing of the bonding agent. During the curing of the RBC, rises were smaller.

CONCLUSIONS:

Curing of bonding agents should be done with low intensity light and high intensity used only for curing RBC regardless of whether LED or halogen LCUs are used.

PMID:
17994152
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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