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J Contemp Dent Pract. 2007 Nov 1;8(7):21-8.

Temperature rise produced by different light-curing units through dentin.

Author information

1
Department of Conservative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey. ruyay@hacettepe.edu.tr

Abstract

AIM:

This study investigated the temperature rise caused by different light curing units and the temperature increase in dentin of different thicknesses.

METHODS AND MATERIALS:

Dentin discs of 1.0 and 2.0 mm thicknesses were prepared from extracted human mandibular molars. Temperatures were recorded directly at the surface of the light guide tip, under dentin discs with different thicknesses, and through a sandwich composed of 2 mm thick cured composite and dentin using a K-type thermocouple. The curing units used were two quartz-tungsten-halogen lights (Spectrum and Elipar Trilight-ET) and a light-emitting diode (LED).

RESULTS:

The highest temperature rise was observed under a Mylar strip using ET standard mode. Under 1 and 2 mm thick dentin barriers, the lowest temperature rise was measured for the LED curing light. Significant differences in temperature rise existed among all curing units except between the Spectrum and ET exponential modes under a 1 mm thick dentin barrier with cured composite. Temperature rises were insignificant between the Spectrum and ET exponential modes and between two modes of Trilight when the same experimental setup was used under a 2 mm thick dentin barrier.

CONCLUSION:

For all curing units, temperature elevation through 2 mm of dentin was less than for 1 mm of dentin thickness. The ET standard mode produced the highest and the LED produced the lowest temperature rise for all tested conditions. The thickness of dentin and light-curing unit might affect temperature transmission.

PMID:
17994151
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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