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Transplantation. 2007 Oct 27;84(8):1060-3.

Nitric oxide and indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase mediate CTLA4Ig-induced survival in heart allografts in rats.

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INSERM, U643, Nantes, F44000, France.


Cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 immunoglobulin (CTLA4Ig) leads to transplantation tolerance in mice depending on indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO). We have shown that CTLA4Ig induces indefinite heart allograft survival in rats and that nitric oxide (NO) was implicated in the in vitro active tolerogenic mechanisms mediated by dendritic cells (DCs). Here we studied the in vivo tolerogenic mechanisms by which CTLA4Ig induces graft survival in rats receiving a cardiac allograft. Treatment of recipients with the IDO inhibitor 1-methyltryptophan (1-MT) did not abrogate the indefinite graft survival observed with CTLA4Ig alone. This was also the case after administration of the inducible nitric oxide synthase inhibitor aminoguanidine when again, indefinite allograft survival was maintained. However, administration of both inhibitors led to acute rejection. We show that IDO and NO are responsible for the impaired capacity of DCs from CTLA4Ig-treated rats to stimulate allogeneic T cells. In conclusion, we show that NO and IDO mediate CTLA4Ig-induced tolerance in rat allograft recipients.

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