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Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2008 Jan;294(1):F281-90. Epub 2007 Nov 7.

Tuberin regulates the DNA repair enzyme OGG1.

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George O'Brien Kidney Research Center, Department of Medicine, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, TX 78229, USA.


The tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is caused by defects in one of two tumor suppressor genes, TSC-1 or TSC-2. The TSC-2 gene encodes tuberin, a protein involved in the pathogenesis of kidney tumors, both angiomyolipomas and renal cell carcinomas. We investigated a potential role for tuberin in regulating a key DNA repair pathway. Downregulation of tuberin in human renal epithelial cells using siRNA resulted in a marked decrease in the abundance of the 8-oxoG-DNA glycosylase (OGG1). Mouse embryonic fibroblasts deficient in tuberin (TSC2(-/-) and TSC2(+/-)) also had markedly decreased OGG1 mRNA and protein expression, as well as undetectable OGG1 activity accompanied by accumulation of 8-oxodG. Gel shift analyses and chromatin immunoprecipatation identified the transcription factor NF-YA as a regulator of OGG1 activity. The binding of NF-YA to the OGG1 promoter was significantly reduced in TSC2(-/-) compared with TSC2(+/+) cells. Introduction of TSC2 cDNA into the tuberin-deficient cells restored NF-YA and OGG1 expression. Transcriptional activity of the OGG1 promoter was also decreased in tuberin-null cells. In addition, mutation of both CAAT boxes, the sites to which NF-YA binds, completely inhibits OGG1 promoter activity. These data provide the first evidence that tuberin regulates a specific DNA repair enzyme, OGG1. This regulation may be important in the pathogenesis of kidney tumors in patients with TSC.

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