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Neurourol Urodyn. 2008;27(5):412-6.

Does the type of bladder augmentation influence the resolution of pre-existing vesicoureteral reflux? Urodynamic studies.

Author information

1
Department of Paediatrics, Surgical Unit, Faculty of Medicine, University of Pécs, Hungary.

Abstract

AIMS:

The type of bladder augmentation on pre-existing vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) was assessed. The effects of urodynamic changes on the resolution of VUR following augmentation cystoplasty performed with various gastrointestinal segments were examined. It was queried whether elimination of high-pressure bladder is sufficient to resolve pre-existing reflux.

METHODS:

A retrospective record review of patients who underwent bladder augmentation between 1987 and 2004. Patients were divided into two groups. Group I included patients who had a simultaneous augmentation and ureteral reimplantation. Group II included patients with reflux in whom only a bladder augmentation was performed. Pre-and post-augmentation urodynamic results were compared in both groups. The outcome of VUR and the role of various gastrointestinal (GI) segments on the resolution of VUR were studied.

RESULTS:

Sixty-three patients underwent bladder augmentation during the study period. Twenty-six of them had VUR before augmentation. There were 10 patients in Group I and 16 patients in Group II. In Group I, VUR ceased in all patients, while in group II, VUR resolved in 14 patients and persisted in two patients. Small and large bowel segments used for augmentation had no effect on the resolution of VUR but the results of gastrocystoplasties were less favorable. Urodynamically there was no significant difference between the various augmentation cystoplasties.

CONCLUSIONS:

Bladder augmentation alone without simultaneous antireflux repair is usually sufficient for the resolution of pre-existing reflux. The various GI segments used for augmentation have no effect on urodynamic results and the resolution of VUR.

PMID:
17985371
DOI:
10.1002/nau.20529
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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