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Drugs. 2007;67(16):2433-72.

Celecoxib: a review of its use in the management of arthritis and acute pain.

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1
Wolters Kluwer Health | Adis, Auckland, New Zealand. demail@adis.co.nz

Abstract

Celecoxib (Celebrex), the first cyclo-oxygenase (COX) 2-selective inhibitor (coxib) to be introduced into clinical practice, has been available for almost a decade. It is approved in one or more countries worldwide for the relief of the signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis (OA), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (in patients aged > or =2 years) and ankylosing spondylitis (AS), the management of acute pain in adults, the treatment of primary dysmenorrhoea and the reduction in the number of adenomatous colorectal polyps in familial adenomatous polyposis. Celecoxib remains an effective and useful altenative to nonselective NSAIDs in the treatment of acute or chronic musculoskeletal pain. In the latter setting, it offers the prospect of improved gastrointestinal (GI) tolerability and, in patients not taking aspirin for cardioprophylaxis, a GI safety advantage. Currently available evidence of an increase in cardiovascular (CV) risk with celecoxib is inconsistent; any increase in risk is likely to be small and similar to that with nonselective NSAIDs. As with all NSAIDs, the potential GI, CV and renal risks of celecoxib must be weighed against the potential benefits in each individual; it is a rational choice for patients at low CV risk who require NSAID therapy, especially those at increased risk of NSAID-induced GI toxicity, but also those unresponsive to, or intolerant of, other NSAIDs. If selected, celecoxib, like all NSAIDs, should be used at the lowest effective dose for the shortest possible duration.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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