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Chem Soc Rev. 2007 Dec;36(12):1930-70. Epub 2007 Aug 30.

Liquid crystal engineering--new complex mesophase structures and their relations to polymer morphologies, nanoscale patterning and crystal engineering.

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Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg, Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät II - Chemie und Physik, Institut für Chemie, Organische Chemie, Kurt-Mothes Str. 2, 06120 Halle, Germany.


This critical review focuses on recent progress in the field of T-shaped ternary amphiphiles. These molecules can self-assemble into a series of new liquid crystalline (LC) phases with polygonal cylinder structures, new lamellar phases and LC phases combining columns and layers. These structures are analyzed on the basis of symmetry, net topology and tiling pattern (Laves and Archimedean tilings) and discussed in relation to morphologies of multiblock copolymers, self organized DNA super-lattices, metal-organic frameworks, crystal-engineering and self-assembled periodic superstructures on surfaces (210 references).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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