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Cell Physiol Biochem. 2007;20(6):791-800.

Comparison of potent Kv1.5 potassium channel inhibitors reveals the molecular basis for blocking kinetics and binding mode.

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Physiologisches Institut I, Universitat Tubingen, Tubingen, Germany.


In this study, we analysed the inhibitory potency, blocking characteristics and putative binding sites of three structurally distinct Kv1.5 channel inhibitors on cloned human Kv1.5 channels. Obtained IC(50) values for S9947, MSD-D and ICAGEN-4 were 0.7 microM, 0.5 microM, and 1.6 microM, respectively. The Hill-coefficients were close to 1 for S9947 and approximately 2 for MSD-D and ICAGEN-4. All three compounds inhibited Kv1.5 channels preferentially in the open state, with Kv1.5 block displaying positive frequency dependence, but no clear voltage and potassium dependence. In contrast to slow on- and off-rates of apparent binding of MSD-D and ICAGEN-4, S9947 had fast on- and off-rates resulting in faster adaptation to changes in pulse frequency. Utilizing Alanine-scanning and in silico modeling we suggest binding of the compounds to the central cavity with crucial residues Ile508 and Val512 in the S6-segment. Residue Thr480 located at the base of the selectivity filter is important for ICAGEN-4 and S9947 inhibition, but less so for MSD-D binding. Our docking models suggest that the innermost potassium ion in the selectivity filter may form a tertiary complex with oxygens of S9947 and ICAGEN-4 and residue Thr480. This binding component is absent in the MSD-D block. As S9947 and ICAGEN-4 show faster block with proceeding channel openings, formation of this tertiary complex may increasingly stabilise binding of S9947 and ICAGEN-4, thereby explaining open channel block kinetics of these compounds.

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