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J Immunol. 2007 Nov 15;179(10):7059-71.

FcepsilonRI- and Fcgamma receptor-mediated production of reactive oxygen species by mast cells is lipoxygenase- and cyclooxygenase-dependent and NADPH oxidase-independent.

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Laboratory of Allergic Diseases, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892-1881, USA.


We investigated the enzymes responsible for FcepsilonRI-dependent production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the influence of ROS on mast cell secretory responses. 5-Lipoxygenase (5-LO) was the primary enzyme involved in ROS production by human mast cells (huMC) and mouse bone marrow-derived mast cells (mBMMC) following FcepsilonRI aggregation because incubation with 5-LO inhibitors (AA861, nordihydroguaiaretic acid, zileuton) but not a flavoenzyme inhibitor (diphenyleneiodonium) completely abrogated Ag-induced dichlorodihydrofluorescein (DCF) fluorescence. Furthermore, 5-LO-deficient mBMMC had greatly reduced FcepsilonRI-dependent DCF fluorescence compared with wild type mBMMC or those lacking a functional NADPH oxidase (i.e., gp91(phox)- or p47(phox)-deficient cells). A minor role for cyclooxygenase (COX)-1 in FcepsilonRI-dependent ROS production was demonstrated by inhibition of Ag-mediated DCF fluorescence by a COX-1 inhibitor (FR122047) and reduced DCF fluorescence in COX-1-deficient mBMMC. Complete abrogation of FcepsilonRI-dependent ROS production in mast cells had no effect on degranulation or cytokine secretion. In response to the NADPH oxidase-stimulating agents including PMA, mBMMC and huMC produced negligible ROS. IgG-coated latex beads did stimulate ROS production in huMC, and in this experiment 5-LO and COX again appeared to be the enzymatic sources of ROS. In contrast, IgG-coated latex bead-induced ROS production in human polymorphonuclear leukocytes occurred by the NADPH oxidase pathway. Thus mBMMC and huMC generate ROS by 5-LO and COX-1 in response to FcepsilonRI aggregation; huMC generate ROS upon exposure to IgG-coated latex beads by 5-LO and COX; and ROS appear to have no significant role in FcepsilonRI-dependent degranulation and cytokine production.

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