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Dev Comp Immunol. 2008;32(5):554-62. Epub 2007 Oct 16.

Regulation of hydrogen peroxide release in circulating hemocytes of the planorbid snail Biomphalaria glabrata.

Author information

1
Department of Pathobiological Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA.

Abstract

Biomphalaria spp. serve as obligate intermediate hosts for the human blood fluke Schistosoma mansoni. Following S. mansoni penetration of Biomphalaria glabrata, hemocytes of resistant snails migrate towards the parasite, encasing the larva in a multicellular capsule resulting in its destruction via a cytotoxic reaction. Recent studies have revealed the importance of hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) and nitric oxide (NO) in parasite killing [Hahn UK, Bender RC, Bayne CJ. Killing of Schistosoma mansoni sporocysts by hemocytes from resistant Biomphalaria glabrata: role of reactive oxygen species. J Parasitol 2001;87:292-9; Hahn UK, Bender RC, Bayne CJ. Involvement of nitric oxide in killing of Schistosoma mansoni sporocysts by hemocytes from resistant Biomphalaria glabrata. J Parasitol 2001;87:778-85]. It is assumed that H(2)O(2) and NO production is tightly regulated although the specific molecules involved remain largely unknown. Consequently, the potential role of cell signaling pathways in B. glabrata hemocyte H(2)O(2) production was investigated by evaluating the effects of specific inhibitors of selected signaling proteins. Results suggest that both ERK and p38 MAPKs are involved in the regulation of B. glabrata H(2)O(2) release in response to stimulation by PMA and galactose-conjugated BSA. However, the involvement of the signaling proteins PKC, PI(3) kinase and PLA(2) differs between PMA- and BSA-gal-induced H(2)O(2) production.

PMID:
17981329
PMCID:
PMC2271030
DOI:
10.1016/j.dci.2007.09.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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