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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2008 Jan 4;365(1):131-6. Epub 2007 Oct 31.

Statins and ATP regulate nuclear pAkt via the P2X7 purinergic receptor in epithelial cells.

Author information

1
Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Box 210, 17177 Stockholm, Sweden.

Abstract

Many studies have documented P2X7 receptor functions in cells of mesenchymal origin. P2X7 is also expressed in epithelial cells and its role in these cells remains largely unknown. Our data indicate that P2X7 regulate nuclear pAkt in epithelial cells. We show that low concentration of atorvastatin, a drug inhibiting HMG-CoA reductase and cholesterol metabolism, or the natural agonist extracellular ATP rapidly decreased the level of insulin-induced phosphorylated Akt in the nucleus. This effect was seen within minutes and was inhibited by P2X7 inhibitors. Experiments employing P2X7 siRNA and HEK293 cells heterologously expressing P2X7 and in vivo experiments further supported an involvement of P2X7. These data indicate that extracellular ATP and statins via the P2X7 receptor modulate insulin-induced Akt signaling in epithelial cells.

PMID:
17980145
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbrc.2007.10.148
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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