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J Adv Nurs. 2007 Dec;60(5):487-93.

Testing a parenting programme evaluation tool as a pre- and post-course measure of parenting self-efficacy.

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Centre for Research in Primary and Community Care, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, UK.



This paper is a report of a study to measure changes in parenting self-efficacy after attending a parenting programme and to determine if these changes are maintained over time.


A need for the evaluation of parenting programmes from the perspective of parents who take part has led to the development of a Tool to Measure Parenting Self-Efficacy. Self-efficacy, a self-perception of one's ability to perform competently and effectively in a particular task or setting, provided the framework for the development of the tool.


A total of 356 parents took part in the study over 53 parenting programmes in the UK in 2004-2005. Parents completed the evaluation tool as a pre- and post-course measure of parenting self-efficacy and at 4-month follow-up.


Parenting self-efficacy increased at the end of the parenting programmes for all scales. The increase from baseline to end of course was maintained for all scales at four month follow-up and there was a further increase for two scales. Increases in self-efficacy were found across a range of parenting programmes.


The tool can be used to assess the impact of different types of parenting programmes on parenting self-efficacy and in research into this topic.

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