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Clin Exp Metastasis. 2008;25(4):377-88. Epub 2007 Oct 31.

Differential expression of angiogenesis associated genes in prostate cancer bone, liver and lymph node metastases.

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1
Genitourinary Cancer Research Laboratory, Department of Urology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA. cmorriss@u.washington.edu

Abstract

Our objective was to elucidate phenotypic differences between prostate cancer (PCa) liver, lymph node, and bone metastases. PCa metastases were obtained through a rapid tissue acquisition necropsy protocol. We grossly dissected metastatic foci from frozen samples and performed expression analyses using cDNA microarrays. Immunohistochemical analyses using a tissue microarray from thirty individuals with PCa metastases to lymph nodes, liver, and bone was used to confirm the gene expression changes associated with each metastatic site. Transcript alterations statistically-associated with bone metastases included increased expression of IBSP (Bone sialoprotein), F13A1 (factor XIII), and decreased expression of EFNA1 (ephrin-A1) and ANGPT2 (angiopoietin-2) when compared to liver and lymph node metastases. The metastasis-associated changes in proteins involved in coagulation and angiogenesis prompted further analysis of additional factors known to participate in the clotting cascade and blood vessel formation (angiopoitein-1, PAI-1, uPA, PAI-RBP-1 and hepsin). We also assessed tumor-associated microvessel density and distribution in liver, lymph node, and bone metastasis. Intense fibrin(ogen) and fibulin-1 staining was localized to epithelial cells at the periphery of metastatic tumors possibly to facilitate angiogenesis. The expression of hepsin, uPA, PAI-RBP1, PAI-1, and factor XIII may influence fibrinolysis and are regulated by the tumor microenvironment. The expression of angiopoietin-2 and apparent silencing of angiopoietin-1 in PCa bone, liver, and lymph node metastases may be critical for angiogenesis in this tumor type. In addition, the resulting tumor-associated microvessel density and distribution was significantly different between liver and bone metastasis possibly in response to the protein expression changes detailed above.

PMID:
17972146
DOI:
10.1007/s10585-007-9116-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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