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AIDS Behav. 2008 Jul;12(4):605-12. Epub 2007 Oct 30.

Alcohol use, depressive symptoms and the receipt of antiretroviral therapy in southwest Uganda.

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1
Section for International Health, Department of General Practice and Community Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo 0407, Norway. priscilla.martinez@medisin.uio.no

Abstract

Alcohol use and depressive symptoms are associated with reduced access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) in the developed world. Whether alcohol use and depressive symptoms limit access to ART in resource-limited settings is unknown. This cross-sectional study examined the association between alcohol use, depressive symptoms and the receipt of ART among randomly selected HIV-positive persons presenting for primary health care services at an outpatient HIV clinic in Uganda. Depressive symptoms were defined by the Hopkins Symptom Checklist and alcohol use was measured through frequency of consumption questions. Antiretroviral use was assessed using a standardized survey and confirmed by medical record review. Predictors of ART use were determined via logistic regression. Among 421 HIV-infected patients, factors associated with the receipt of ART were having at least primary education, having an opportunistic infection in the last 3 months, and not drinking within the last year.

PMID:
17968651
PMCID:
PMC3591721
DOI:
10.1007/s10461-007-9312-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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