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Exp Neurol. 2007 Dec;208(2):285-96. Epub 2007 Sep 19.

Induction of neuronal and myelin-related gene expression by IL-6-receptor/IL-6: a study on embryonic dorsal root ganglia cells and isolated Schwann cells.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular Genetics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel.

Abstract

The conditional knockdown of the Interleukin-6 (IL-6) family signal transducer (gp130) causes peripheral nerve demyelination and degeneration. In the present work, we investigated the effect of gp130 signaling on peripheral nerves and Schwann cells (SC). We stimulated gp130 signaling with IL6RIL6, a fusion molecule of IL-6 and IL-6R, in rat embryonic day 14 dorsal root ganglia (DRG) cell cultures. In neurons, IL6RIL6 strongly increased the axonal network. In SC, IL6RIL6 favored the appearance of elongated more mature cells versus stellar shaped cells. Gene expression profiling showed an increased expression of neuronal and glial-specific genes. mRNAs related to SC function, including myelin-specific genes, were increased by IL6RIL6 treatment of DRG cells, or of purified SCs isolated from rat sciatic nerve. In IL6RIL6-treated cells, immunostaining showed a strong nuclear signal for Krox-20, a transcription factor essential for differentiation of the SC lineage. On the contrary, we observed that IL6RIL6 inhibited the genes related to TGF-beta family as well as the production of smooth muscle actin.

PMID:
17963753
DOI:
10.1016/j.expneurol.2007.08.022
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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