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Cancer Immunol Immunother. 2008 Jun;57(6):799-811. Epub 2007 Oct 26.

Vaccination with metastasis-related tumor associated antigen TPD52 and CpG/ODN induces protective tumor immunity.

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Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, 3601 4th Street, MS 6591, Lubbock, TX 79430, USA.


Tumor protein D52 (TPD52) is involved in transformation and metastasis and has been shown to be over-expressed in tumor cells compared to normal cells and tissues. Murine TPD52 (mD52) shares 86% protein identity with the human TPD52 orthologue (hD52). To study TPD52 protein as a target for active vaccination recombinant, mD52 was administered as a protein-based vaccine. Naïve mice were immunized with either mD52 protein and CpG/ODN as a molecular adjuvant or CpG/ODN alone. Two weeks following the final immunization, mice were challenged s.c. with syngeneic tumor cells that over-express mD52. Two distinct murine tumor cell lines were used for challenge in this model, mKSA and 3T3.mD52. Half of the mice immunized with mD52 and CpG/ODN rejected or delayed onset of mKSA s.c. tumor cell growth, and 40% of mice challenged with 3T3.mD52 rejected s.c. tumor growth, as well as the formation of spontaneous lethal lung metastases. Mice immunized with mD52 and CpG/ODN generated detectable mD52-specific IgG antibody responses indicating that mD52 protein vaccination induced an adaptive immune response. In addition, mice that rejected tumor challenge generated tumor-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes' responses. Importantly, microscopic and gross evaluation of organs from mD52 immunized mice revealed no evidence of autoimmunity as assessed by absence of T cell infiltration and absence of microscopic pathology. Together, these data demonstrate that mD52 vaccination induces an immune response that is capable of rejecting tumors that over-express mD52 without the induction of harmful autoimmunity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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