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Biosens Bioelectron. 2008 Jan 18;23(6):839-44. Epub 2007 Sep 11.

Angle-scanning SPR imaging for detection of biomolecular interactions on microarrays.

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  • 1BIOS, Lab-on-a-Chip Group, MESA+ Research Institute, University of Twente, P.O. Box 217, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands.


In this paper we describe the use of a commercial surface plasmon resonance (SPR) imaging instrument for monitoring the binding of biomolecules on user-defined regions of interest of a microarray. By monitoring the angle shift of the SPR-dip using a continuous angle-scanning mode instead of monitoring the change in reflectivity at a fixed angle, a linear relationship with respect to the mass density change on the surface will remain over a wide dynamic angle range of 8 degrees. Peptides (2.4 kDa) and proteins (150 kDa) were both spotted on the same sensor chip to illustrate that both, low and high molecular weight ligands with initial large differences in off-set SPR angles, can be applied within the same experiment. By using a fluorescently labeled antibody, SPR results can be confirmed by means of fluorescence microscopy after completion of a SPR experiment. SPR imaging in angle-scanning operation provides sensitive, accurate, and label-free detection of analyte binding on microarrays containing different molecular weight ligands.

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