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Redox Rep. 2007;12(6):282-8.

Visible-light promoted degradation of the commercial antioxidants butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) and butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT): a kinetic study.

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Departamento de Química, Universidad Nacional de Río Cuarto, Río Cuarto, Argentina.


Visible-light photo-irradiation of the commercial phenolic antioxidants (PhAs) butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) and butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), in the presence of vitamin B2 (riboflavin, Rf), in methanolic solutions and under aerobic conditions, results in the photo-oxidation of the PhAs. The synthetic dye photosensitiser Rose Bengal was also employed for auxiliary experiments. With concentrations of riboflavin and PhAs of ca. 0.02 mM and < 1 mM, respectively, the excited triplet state of the vitamin (3Rf*) is quenched by BHT in a competitive fashion with dissolved ground state triplet oxygen. From the quenching of 3Rf*, the semireduced form of the pigment is generated through an electron transfer process from BHT, with the subsequent production of superoxide anion radical (O2*-) by reaction with dissolved molecular oxygen. In parallel, the species singlet molecular oxygen, O2(1delta(g)), is also generated. Both reactive oxygen species produce the photodegradation of BHT. In the case of BHA, the lack of any effect exerted by superoxide dismutase drives out a significant participation of a O2(*-)-mediated mechanism. BHA mainly interacts with O2(1delta(g)) and exhibits a desirable property as an antioxidant--a relatively high capacity for O2(1delta(g)) de-activation and a low photodegradation efficiency by the oxidative species. Electrochemical determinations support the proposed photodegradative mechanism.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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