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Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 2007 Oct;89(7):696-702.

Laparoscopic anti-reflux surgery is effective in obese patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease.

Author information

1
Department of General Surgery and GI Physiology, Royal Berkshire Hospital, Reading, UK.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Obesity has long been regarded as a risk factor for the development of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD). It has been claimed that surgical efficacy of laparoscopic anti-reflux operations is decreased in obese patients. The aim of this study was to assess whether laparoscopic anti-reflux surgery is effective in obese patients with GORD compared to non-obese patients.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

A total of 366 patients (mean age 44 years; range, 12-86 years) underwent laparoscopic anti-reflux surgery between 1997-2003. Of these, 74 patients were considered obese; 58 patients had a body mass index (BMI) of 30-34 kg/m(2) and 16 were classified as morbidly obese with a BMI >or= 35 kg/m(2). Pre-operative symptomatic scoring, indications for surgery, pH studies, operative times and complications were compared between obese and non-obese patients. Symptomatic outcome and Visick score between the two groups were assessed at 6 weeks, 6 months and 1 year following surgery.

RESULTS:

Failure of medical treatment was the main reason for surgery in all groups. Operative time was longer in obese patients (mean time 93 min compared to 81 min; P = 0.0007), the main difficulty being gaining access because of their body habitus. All groups found the procedure to be effective in symptomatic outcome, 91% of obese patients compared to 92% of non-obese patients scored Visick I or II at 6 weeks' postoperatively. Similar Visick scoring was shown between the two groups at 6 months and 1 year, and in the morbidly obese group.

CONCLUSIONS:

The outcome of laparoscopic anti-reflux surgery is similar between obese and non-obese patients with no trend towards a worse outcome in the obese or morbidly obese. Obesity should not be seen as a contra-indication, although it may be more technically challenging in this group of patients. Good results can be achieved in obese patients.

PMID:
17959008
PMCID:
PMC2121261
DOI:
10.1308/003588407X205323
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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