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J Infect Dis. 2007 Oct 15;196(8):1211-20. Epub 2007 Sep 17.

Effect of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine on nasopharyngeal colonization among immunized and unimmunized children in a community-randomized trial.

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Center for American Indian Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA.



Pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs) prevent vaccine serotype (VT) invasive disease; nonvaccine serotype (NVT) disease increases modestly. The impact of PCV on nasopharyngeal (NP) colonization is essential to understanding disease effects.


We conducted a community-randomized controlled trial with catch-up vaccination through age 2 years investigating the effect of 7-valent PCV (PnCRM7) on NP colonization among American Indian infants and their unvaccinated contacts. Infants receiving blinded vaccine at 2, 4, 6, and 12-15 months of age had NP cultures obtained at age 7, 12, and 18 months. Serotype-specific colonization was detected by immunoblot.


We enrolled 566 vaccinated and 286 unvaccinated children from 511 households and collected 5157 specimens, of which 3525 (68.4%) had pneumococcus. PnCRM7 vaccinees were less likely to be colonized with VT (odds ratio [OR], 0.40 [95% confidence interval {CI}, 0.23-0.67]) but were more likely to be colonized with NVT pneumococci (OR, 1.67 [95% CI, 1.02-2.78]). PnCRM7 vaccinees were less densely colonized with VT strains than control vaccinees (OR, 0.61 [95% CI, 0.38-0.99]). Day care-attending unvaccinated children in PnCRM7 communities were less likely to have VT colonization than those in control communities (OR, 0.27 [95% CI, 0.07-1.07]).


PnCRM7 reduces the risk of VT acquisition and colonization density but increases the risk of NVT acquisition among vaccinees and their household contacts.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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