Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Arch Intern Med. 2007 Oct 22;167(19):2086-90.

Impact of electronic alerts on isolation precautions for patients with multidrug-resistant bacteria.

Author information

1
Hygiène Hospitalière, Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, 20-40 Rue Leblanc, 75908 Paris CEDEX 15, France. guillaume.kac@hop.egp.aphp.fr

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Health care workers' compliance with isolation precautions for patients colonized or infected with multidrug-resistant bacteria (MRB) is low.

METHODS:

In a 750-bed, acute care university hospital with a patient information system covering the entire hospital, a database that included all patients with MRB was created and was merged daily with the admission-discharge-transfer application. An electronic alert was generated for all new cases of MRB and for all transfers between wards and all readmissions of patients with MRB. Two successive interventions were implemented based on this alert system. First, alerts were dispatched to medical and staff members in charge of infection control in each ward with requests to order isolation precautions for the patients. Second, alerts were dispatched to the infection control team, who directly ordered implementation of isolation precautions in electronic nursing records. Five audits during a 3-year period were performed to evaluate their effect on health care workers' compliance with isolation precautions.

RESULTS:

Awareness of the MRB status for the nurses in charge of the patients statistically significantly increased from 24.0% at baseline to 59.4% at 1 year after the first intervention. This proportion improved to 93.1% at 1 year after the second intervention. Similarly, the implementation of isolation precautions statistically significantly increased from 15.0% at baseline to 50.5% at 1 year after the first intervention and then to 90.2% at 1 year after the second intervention.

CONCLUSION:

A computer alert system can lead to effective and lasting improvement in the implementation of isolation precautions for patients with MRB in health care institutions.

PMID:
17954803
DOI:
10.1001/archinte.167.19.2086
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Silverchair Information Systems
Loading ...
Support Center