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J Appl Microbiol. 2007 Nov;103(5):1853-67.

Increased amount of Bifidobacterium thermacidophilum and Megasphaera elsdenii in the colonic microbiota of pigs fed a swine dysentery preventive diet containing chicory roots and sweet lupine.

Author information

1
National Veterinary Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark. lam@vet.dtu.dk

Abstract

AIMS:

To investigate which specific bacterial species that were stimulated or inhibited in the proximal colon of pigs when a fructan-rich diet was compared with a diet that contained resistant carbohydrates. The study focussed especially on Bifidobacterial species by using a noncultureable approach.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

Terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP) was used to describe differences in the total colonic microbiota as well as in the populations of Bifidobacterium spp. in pigs fed with a fructan-rich diet and a diet containing resistant carbohydrates. The fructan-rich diet has previously been shown to prevent swine dysentery caused by Brachyspira hyodysenteriae. The T-RFLP profiling, 16S rRNA gene cloning and in situ hybridization showed that the pigs fed with the fructan-rich diet had a higher proportion of Bifidobacterium thermacidophilum subsp. porcinum and Megasphaera elsdenii.

CONCLUSIONS:

These findings suggested that the bacterial fructan fermentation occurring in the porcine colon might be cross-feeding of lactate produced by B. thermacidophilum and used by M. elsdenii.

SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY:

B. thermacidophilum and M. elsdenii may be the course of the inhibition of the pathogenic bacteria Brach. hyodysenteriae in colon of pigs when they are fed fructan-rich diets.

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