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Clin Exp Metastasis. 2008;25(1):53-64. Epub 2007 Oct 19.

A novel alpha(v)beta (3)-blocking disintegrin containing the RGD motive, DisBa-01, inhibits bFGF-induced angiogenesis and melanoma metastasis.

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Dep. Ciências Fisiológicas, Universidade Federal de São Carlos, São Carlos, SP, Brasil.


The integrin alpha(v)beta(3) is involved in multiple aspects of malignant cancer, including tumor angiogenesis and metastasis, which makes the receptor a key target for the development of anti-cancer therapies. We report here on the production, the characterization and the in vivo anti-angiogenic and anti-metastatic properties of a novel alpha(v)beta(3)-binding disintegrin, DisBa-01, isolated from a cDNA library made with RNAs from the venom gland of Bothrops alternatus. The 11,637 Da-recombinant monomeric form of DisBa-01 displayed an RGD motif and interacted with purified alpha(v)beta(3) integrin in surface plasmon resonance studies, in a dose-dependent and cation sensitive manner. A three-dimensional molecular model of DisBa-01 in complex with alpha(v)beta(3) predicted a large surface of contacts with the beta(3) subunit. DisBa-01 inhibited the adhesion of alpha(v)beta(3)-expressing human microvascular endothelial cell line-1 (HMEC-1) and murine melanoma cell line B16F10 to vitronectin (IC(50) = 555 nM and 225 nM, respectively), and transiently inhibited their proliferation without direct cell toxicity, but did not affect the binding nor the proliferation of a human breast cancer-derived cell line (MDA-MB-231) not expressing alpha(v)beta(3). In vivo, DisBa-01 dose-dependently decreased bFGF-induced angiogenesis in a matrigel plug assay in athymic nude mice (IC(50) = 83 nM). When injected intravenously to C57BL/6 mice together with B16F10 melanoma cells, DisBa-01 time- and dose-dependently inhibited lung metastasis monitored by bioluminescent imaging. We conclude that DisBa-01 is a potent new inhibitor of alpha(v)beta(3)-dependent adherence mechanisms involved in neo-vascularization and tumor metastasis processes.

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