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Microbiol Immunol. 2007;51(10):1013-9.

Induction of preferential chemotaxis of unstimulated B-lymphocytes by 2-arachidonoylglycerol in immunized mice.

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1
Laboratory of Microbiology and Immunology and COE Program in the 21st Century, University of Shizuoka School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Shizuoka, 422-8526, Japan.

Abstract

2-Arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) is an endogenous ligand for cannabinoid receptors. There are two types of cannabinoid receptors, CB1 and CB2. We investigated the chemotactic activity of 2-AG using mouse lymphocytes because cells in the immune system are known to express CB2 . Spleen cell migration toward 2-AG was observed, which was completely inhibited by SR144528, a CB2-specific antagonist. 2-AG has been reported to induce a preferential B cell chemotaxis. We examined whether there is any difference in responsiveness during the activation of B cells. When spleen cells from immunized mice were tested, naive B cells but not germinal center B cells (GL7-positive) were increased in the fraction attracted by 2-AG. Furthermore, when Peyer's patch lymphocytes were tested after oral administration of cholera toxin, the number of IgA* B cells was increased in the fraction attracted by 2-AG. These results suggested that 2-AG preferentially attracts unstimulated naive B cells rather than activated and/or class-switched B cells. This property may influence the structure of B cell compartments in secondary lymphoid tissues.

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