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Am J Clin Pathol. 2007 Nov;128(5):854-64.

The usefulness of flow cytometric CD10 detection in the differential diagnosis of peripheral T-cell lymphomas.

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Flow Cytometry Unit, Laboratory of Pathology, Department of Pathology, Molinette Hospital, Turin, Italy.


We studied the histologic and multiparameter flow cytometry (MFC) features of 12 cases of angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL), 13 of mature T-cell lymphoma, and 25 control cases of reactive lymphoid hyperplasia to evaluate the role of CD10 in the differential diagnosis of peripheral T-cell lymphomas (PTCLs). A characteristic immunophenotypic profile (CD2+/CD4+) with recurrent phenotypic aberrancies (eg, CD3 and CD7 loss) was identified in most AITL cases; MFC documented CD10 coexpression on T cells in 10 (83%). Mature T-cell lymphoma showed a more heterogeneous altered immunophenotypic pattern, and 2 cases of PTCL, unspecified, had clear evidence of aberrant CD10 expression on T cells. A small physiologic CD3+/CD4+/CD10+ T-cell population was detected by MFC in all control cases tested (range, 0.28%-4.71%), suggesting that a normal subset of peripheral CD10+ T cells exists. CD10 was a highly sensitive but incompletely specific phenotypic marker for diagnosing AITL; the differential diagnosis of PTCL, unspecified, must be related with traditional histologic features. A small number of CD10+ T cells in reactive lymph nodes suggests that this subpopulation may be the normal counterpart of neoplastic T cells in AITL. The biologic role of CD10+ T cells should be studied further.

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