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Eur J Oncol Nurs. 2008 Feb;12(1):58-64. Epub 2007 Oct 22.

The effect of training on the knowledge levels and beliefs regarding breast self-examination on women attending a public education centre.

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Atatürk University Health Science Institute, Turkey.


The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of subject training on the level of knowledge about breast self-examination (BSE) and breast cancer in women attending a public education centre. This research was structured according to pre-test-post test, one group research design principles. The study involved 91 course attendees at the Erzincan Public Education Centre (73.4%). The average age of study subjects was 21.4+/-5.4. Of the 91 participants in the study, 3.3% (n=3) had a family history of breast cancer and 5.5% (n=5) have had a lump in their breasts. In pre-test questions, the rate of correct answers was between 13.2% and 68.1%. After training, the rate of correct answers increased to between 79.1% and 96.7% and attendees demonstrated an increase in the accuracy of their beliefs about breast cancer (health risk, susceptibility). The perception of self-efficacy, an important variable in the process of behaviour change, is a necessary component of changing and maintaining the practice of BSE. The results of this work and others demonstrate that education administered by nurses can increase positive perceptions about BSE self-efficacy. Education in BSE is easily administered, requires no special tools, could lead to early diagnosis of breast cancer if performed regularly and should be taught to all women aged 20 years and above.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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