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Mutat Res. 2007 Dec 1;634(1-2):32-9. Epub 2007 Sep 12.

Assessment of the genotoxicity of imidacloprid and metalaxyl in cultured human lymphocytes and rat bone-marrow.

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  • 1Department of Environmental and Natural Resources Management, University of Ioannina, Agrinio Campus, Greece.

Abstract

Imidacloprid and metalaxyl are two pesticides that are widely used in agriculture, either separately, or in combination. These agents were studied for their possible genotoxic effects with respect to the following cytogenetic end-points: (1) in vitro micronucleus (MN) formation and sister-chromatid exchange (SCE) induction in human lymphocytes and (2) in vivo micronucleus induction in polychromatic erythrocytes (PCEs) of the rat bone-marrow. The results of the MN analysis indicate that MN frequencies after treatment with both pesticides, separately or as a mixture, do not significantly differ from those in the controls except after treatment with metalaxyl alone at 50 microg/ml (p<0.05). The results of the SCE analysis show that SCE frequencies after treatment with imidacloprid do not differ significantly from those in the controls. A statistically significant increase (p<0.05) in SCE frequency resulted from treatments with metalaxyl at 5, 10 and 100 microg/ml and with the combination of imidacloprid and metalaxyl at 100 and 200 microg/ml. Finally, the in vivo micronucleus assay with rat bone-marrow polychromatic erythrocytes showed a statistically significant effect upon separate treatments with imidacloprid and metalaxyl at doses of 300 mg/kg body weight (b.w.) (p<0.01) or upon combined treatment with 200 mg/Kg b.w. (p<0.001) and 400 mg/kg b.w. (p<0.05).

PMID:
17950659
DOI:
10.1016/j.mrgentox.2007.05.018
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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