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Pediatr Neurol. 2007 Nov;37(5):345-9.

Oxcarbazepine in children with nocturnal frontal-lobe epilepsy.

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Department of Neurology, Children's Hospital Boston, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.


Nocturnal frontal-lobe epilepsy is characterized by paroxysmal arousals, motor seizures with dystonic or hyperkinetic features, and episodic nocturnal wanderings. Carbamazepine is effective for seizure control in some of these patients, but seizures may be refractory to multiple antiepileptic drugs. We report on eight children between ages 4-16 years with nocturnal frontal-lobe epilepsy who had a dramatic response to oxcarbazepine at standard recommended doses, some of whom were refractory to previous antiepileptic medications. Brain magnetic resonance imaging, routine electroencephalogram, and prolonged, continuous video-electroencephalogram telemetry were performed in all children. Nocturnal frontal-lobe epilepsy was diagnosed by demonstrating ictal electroencephalogram changes originating from the frontal lobes. The children were followed for response of seizures to oxcarbazepine, side effects, and routine blood tests, including serum 10-monohydroxide derivative levels. The mean oxcarbazepine dose was 30.4 mg/kg/day +/- 11.7 (mean +/- SD); the mean 10-monohydroxide level was 23.1 microg/mL +/- 8.6 (mean +/- SD). Seizures improved within 4 days of oxcarbazepine initiation in six children, whereas two children required higher doses. Their follow-up has ranged from 12 to 24 months, without seizure recurrence or serious side effects. Our patients demonstrate the efficacy of oxcarbazepine for nocturnal hyperkinetic seizures in children with nocturnal frontal-lobe epilepsy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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