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Hum Cell. 2007 Nov;20(4):111-8.

Novel method for the establishment of cardiomyocytes derived from rat embryonic stem cells in vitro.

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Department of Anatomy, The Jikei University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.


Cardiomyocytes were differentiated from embryonic stem cells (ES cells) derived from spontaneous dwarf rats (SDR) in vitro. The two-cell stage embryos were cultured in alpha-MEM supplemented with 10% fetal calf serum and embryotrophic factors (ETF). ETF were isolated from the conditioned medium of the SKG-II-SF cell line derived from a human uterine cervical epidermoid carcinoma. When two-cell stage rat embryos developed into tri-laminal germ disc embryos (flat type), colonies composed of small round cells were isolated by the colonial isolation method and used to establish an ES cell line. The ES cells were cultured in DMEM/F12 medium supplemented with 10% fetal calf serum and 1 ng/mL of leukemia inhibitory factor. Embryoid bodies were made by the hanging-drop method using 1 x 10(7) ES cells/mL. The embryoid bodies differentiated and grew to form an embryonic monster in ETF-supplemented medium using Rose's circumfusion apparatus for about 1 month. The anlages of beating hearts in embryonic monsters were collected using a glass capillary. The anlages were cut into small pieces using razor blades and dissociated with trypsin-EDTA/PBS(-) solution. The resultant single cells were cultured in growth medium and used to establish a myocardial cell line. The cell line was subcultured for more than 25 passages and confirmed as showing the morphological and ultrastructural characteristics of cardiomyocytes.

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