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J Biol Chem. 2007 Dec 21;282(51):37134-45. Epub 2007 Oct 17.

A novel structural fold in polysaccharide lyases: Bacillus subtilis family 11 rhamnogalacturonan lyase YesW with an eight-bladed beta-propeller.

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  • 1Laboratory of Basic and Applied Molecular Biotechnology, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Japan.


Rhamnogalacturonan (RG) lyase produced by plant pathogenic and saprophytic microbes plays an important role in degrading plant cell walls. An extracellular RG lyase YesW from saprophytic Bacillus subtilis is a member of polysaccharide lyase family 11 and cleaves glycoside bonds in polygalacturonan as well as RG type-I through a beta-elimination reaction. Crystal structures of YesW and its complex with galacturonan disaccharide, a reaction product analogue, were determined at 1.4 and 2.5 A resolutions with final R-factors of 16.4% and 16.6%, respectively. The enzyme is composed of an eight-bladed beta-propeller with a deep cleft in the center as a basic scaffold, and its structural fold has not been seen in polysaccharide lyases analyzed thus far. Structural analysis of the disaccharide-bound YesW and a site-directed mutagenesis study suggested that Arg-452 and Lys-535 stabilize the carboxyl group of the acidic polysaccharide molecule and Tyr-595 makes a stack interaction with the sugar pyranose ring. In addition to amino acid residues binding to the disaccharide, one calcium ion, which is coordinated by Asp-401, Glu-422, His-363, and His-399, may mediate the enzyme activity. This is, to our knowledge, the first report of a new structural category with a beta-propeller fold in polysaccharide lyases and provides structural insights into substrate binding by RG lyase.

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