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A new infusion pathway intactness monitoring system.

Author information

1
Hiroshima Institute of Technology, Hiroshima, Japan. ogawa@cc.it-hiroshima.ac.jp

Abstract

A new infusion pathway monitoring system has been developed for hospital and home use. The system consists of linear integrated circuits and a low-power 8-bit single chip microcomputer which constantly monitors the infusion pathway intactness. An AC (alternating current) voltage is induced on the patient's body by electrostatic coupling from the normal 100 volt, 60 Hz AC power line wiring field in the patient's room. The induced AC voltage can be recorded by a main electrode wrapped around the infusion polyvinyl chloride tube. A reference electrode is wrapped on the electrode to monitor the AC voltage around the main electrode. If the injection needle or infusion tube becomes detached, then the system detects changes in the induced AC voltages and alerts the nursing station, via the nurse call system or PHS (personal handy phone system).

PMID:
17945872
DOI:
10.1109/IEMBS.2006.260017
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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