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Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2008 Feb;60(2):193-5. Epub 2007 Oct 18.

Fatal coinfection with Legionella pneumophila serogroup 8 and Aspergillus fumigatus.

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Laboratoire de Bactériologie-Hygiène, CHU de Nantes, 44093 Nantes Cedex, France.


Legionella pneumophila is an important cause of community-acquired and nosocomial pneumonia. We report on a patient who simultaneously developed L. pneumophila serogroup 8 pneumonia and Aspergillus fumigatus lung abscesses. Despite appropriate treatments, Aspergillus disease progressed with metastasis. Coinfections caused by L. pneumophila and A. fumigatus remain exceptional. In apparently immunocompetent patients, corticosteroid therapy is a key risk factor for aspergillosis.

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