Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Biochemistry. 2007 Nov 13;46(45):13163-9. Epub 2007 Oct 17.

Identification of a novel serine phosphorylation site in human glutamine:fructose-6-phosphate amidotransferase isoform 1.

Author information

1
CNRS, Institut de Chimie des Substances Naturelles, 91198 Gif-Sur-Yvette, France.

Abstract

Glutamine:fructose-6-phosphate amidotransferase (Gfat) catalyzes the first and rate-limiting step in the hexosamine biosynthetic pathway. The increasing amount of evidence that links excess hexosamine biosynthesis with pathogenic complications of type II diabetes highlights the need to understand the regulation of Gfat. Previous studies showed that eukaryotic Gfat is subjected to feedback inhibition by UDP-N-acetyl-d-glucosamine (UDP-GlcNAc) and to phosphorylation by cAMP-activated protein kinase A (PKA). In this study, overexpression of human Gfat isoform 1 (hGfat1) in insect cells revealed that hGfat1 is phosphorylated in vivo. Using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization and electrospray tandem mass spectrometry, we have identified Ser243 as a novel phosphorylation site. Biochemical properties of the wild type and the Ser243Glu mutant of hGfat1 overexpressed in Escherichia coli were compared. Our results provide evidence that phosphorylation at Ser243 stimulates glucosamine 6-phosphate-synthesizing activity, lowers amidohydrolyzing activity in the absence of fructose 6-phosphate (F6P) (glutaminase activity), and lowers Km(F6P) 2-fold, but has no effect on UDP-GlcNAc inhibition. On the basis of the sequence consensus, AMP-activated protein kinase and calcium/calmodulin-dependent kinase II were identified to phosphorylate specifically Ser243 in vitro. Phosphorylation by these two kinases results in an increase of enzymatic activity by 1.4-fold. These findings suggest for the first time that hGfat1 may be regulated by kinases other than PKA.

PMID:
17941647
DOI:
10.1021/bi700694c
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for American Chemical Society
Loading ...
Support Center