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Cancer Cell. 2007 Oct;12(4):313-27.

Loss of TGFbeta signaling destabilizes homeostasis and promotes squamous cell carcinomas in stratified epithelia.

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1
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, The Rockefeller University, New York, NY 10021, USA.

Abstract

Although TGFbeta is a potent inhibitor of proliferation, epithelia lacking the essential receptor (TbetaRII) for TGFbeta signaling display normal tissue homeostasis. By studying asymptomatic TbetaRII-deficient stratified epithelia, we show that tissue homeostasis is maintained by balancing hyperproliferation with elevated apoptosis. Moreover, rectal and genital epithelia, which are naturally proliferative, develop spontaneous squamous cell carcinomas with age when TbetaRII is absent. This progression is associated with a reduction in apoptosis and can be accelerated in phenotypically normal epidermis by oncogenic mutations in Ras. We show that TbetaRII deficiency leads to enhanced keratinocyte motility and integrin-FAK-Src signaling. Together, these mechanisms provide a molecular framework to account for many of the characteristics of TbetaRII-deficient invasive SQCCs.

PMID:
17936557
PMCID:
PMC2424201
DOI:
10.1016/j.ccr.2007.08.020
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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