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J Theor Biol. 2007 Dec 21;249(4):791-803. Epub 2007 Sep 12.

Heterogeneous communities with lognormal species abundance distribution: Species-area curves and sustainability.

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1
Department of Mathematical Sciences, Norwegian University for Science and Technology, N-7491 Trondheim, Norway. steinaen@math.ntnu.no

Abstract

Heterogeneous species abundance models are models in which the dynamics differ between species, described by variation among parameters defining the dynamics. Using a dynamic and heterogeneous species abundance model generating the lognormal species abundance distribution it is first shown that different degrees of heterogeneity may result in equivalent species abundance distributions. An alternative to Preston's canonical lognormal model is defined by assuming that reduction in resources, for example reduction in available area, increases the density regulation of each species. This leads to species-individual curves and species-area curves that are approximately linear in a double logarithmic plot. Preston's canonical parameter gamma varies little along these curves and takes values in the neighborhood of one. Quite remarkably, the curves, which define the sensitivity of the community to area reductions, are independent of the heterogeneity among species for this model. As a consequence, the curves can be estimated from a single sample from the community using the Poisson lognormal distribution. It is shown how to perform sensitivity analysis with respect to over-dispersion in sampling relative to the Poisson distribution as well as sampling intensity, that is, the fraction of the community sampled. The method is exemplified by analyzing three simulated data sets.

PMID:
17936307
DOI:
10.1016/j.jtbi.2007.09.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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