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Surg Oncol. 2008 Jul;17(1):33-40. Epub 2007 Nov 1.

Surgical implications for liver metastases in nephroblastoma--data from the SIOP/GPOH study.

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Department of Pediatric Surgery, Children's Hospital, University of Tuebingen, Hoppe-Seyler-Strasse 3, 72076 Tuebingen, Germany.



In children with Wilms' tumor, the 5-year overall survival rate is over 90% in the SIOP/GPOH study group. However, a small group of patients have tumor lesions in the liver at the time of initial diagnosis or as a recurrence. This group seems to have a worse prognosis in terms of survival. The treatment and outcome of patients with a hepatic recurrence were analyzed compared to previously published data of patients with primary hepatic metastases.


We reviewed the records of 45 out of 1365 patients enrolled in the SIOP 93-01/GPOH study and the SIOP 2001/GPOH study between April 1, 1994 and September 30, 2004. Median age at diagnosis was 6.49 years (1.37-34.16 years) in 29 patients who were initially presented with hepatic metastases (group I) with 9 males and 20 females. In 16 children who had a recurrence of a nephroblastoma in the liver (group II), median age at diagnosis was 4.62 years (1.84-31.08 years) with 9 males and 7 females.


In group I out of 29 patients, 11 died at a median of 13.07 months. Overall survival in group I was 62.58%. In group II, 9 patients died at a median 52 months. Overall survival in group II was 54.7%.


This report suggests that when complicated by metastases of the liver, Wilms' tumor has a less favorable outcome. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy play a definitive role in the treatment of these children. The importance of complete resection of hepatic lesions in both groups should be emphasized.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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