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Midwifery. 2009 Aug;25(4):344-56. Epub 2007 Nov 1.

Depression, anxiety and influencing factors in pregnancy: a study in a Turkish population.

Author information

1
Adnan Menderes University, Aydin School of Health, Aydin Sağlik Yüksekokulu Aydin, Aydin, Turkey.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

to determine the prevalence of depression in pregnancy and the factors that influence the development of depression and anxiety in pregnancy in a Turkish population.

DESIGN:

a descriptive, correlational study.

SETTING:

a public hospital in Ankara Province Centre, Ankara, Turkey.

PARTICIPANTS:

1,039 pregnant women selected using a convenience sampling method.

FINDINGS:

27.9% (n=290) of the 1,039 women were found to be experiencing depression at a level requiring treatment. In a stepwise multiple linear regression analysis model developed for depression and anxiety, the following were found to be statistically significant factors influencing the experience of both depression and anxiety: perceived social support; recent experience of marital or emotional problems during and before this pregnancy; recent experience of life stress; having a negative self-perception; experience of physical violence; and experience of physical problems during pregnancy. Statistically significant factors influencing depression were marital dissatisfaction, being a housewife, having an unwanted pregnancy, and having a formal marriage. The correlation between total anxiety and depression scores was at a medium level (Pearson correlation=0.592).

KEY CONCLUSIONS:

many factors influenced the development of depression and anxiety in pregnancy, and a positive correlation was found between depression and anxiety. Midwives and nurses can evaluate pregnant women for these risk factors, and arrange for additional follow-up. They can also offer preventive care and, when necessary, assist with early diagnosis and treatment to improve the health of mothers and babies.

PMID:
17935843
DOI:
10.1016/j.midw.2007.03.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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