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Atherosclerosis. 1991 Aug;89(2-3):109-16.

Effect of moderate hypertriglyceridemia on the relation of plasma total and LDL apo B levels.

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McGill Unit for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.


The risk of premature coronary artery disease is related to an important degree to the number of particles of low density lipoproteins (LDL) in plasma, an estimate given by measurement of LDL apo B. In clinical practise, though it is total, not LDL apo B, which is measured. The purpose of the present study therefore was to compare plasma total and LDL apo B in the presence and absence of moderate hypertriglyceridemia. The results demonstrate that within the range of plasma triglyceride levels examined, i.e., values of triglyceride up to 500 mg/dl, there is close correspondence between total and LDL apo B, with the latter more than 90% of the former. VLDL composition was also examined and two patterns found in hypertriglyceridemic patients: those with normal apo B had markedly lipid enriched VLDL while those with elevated apo B had VLDL which was normal in composition except for a moderate increase in triglyceride content. Thus total apo B within the circumstances studied reflects principally LDL apo B. Moreover measurement of apo B allows distinction between two different forms of hypertriglyceridemia, only one of which - that with an increased LDL particle number - has previous work shown to be associated with increased coronary risk. Total apo B, therefore, provides additional information not available from conventional plasma and lipoprotein lipids which allows more precise physiologic classification and may lead to more rational choice of pharmacologic therapy in normolipidemic and hypertriglyceridemic patients.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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