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Vaccine. 2007 Nov 7;25(45):7832-40. Epub 2007 Sep 4.

Failure of a Mycobacterium tuberculosis DeltaRD1 DeltapanCD double deletion mutant in a neonatal calf aerosol M. bovis challenge model: comparisons to responses elicited by M. bovis bacille Calmette Guerin.

Author information

1
National Animal Disease Center, Agricultural Research Service, US Department of Agriculture, 2300 Dayton Avenue, Ames, IA 50010, USA. ray.waters@ars.usda.gov

Abstract

An attenuated Mycobacterium tuberculosis RD1 knockout and pantothenate auxotroph (mc(2)6030) vaccine administered at 2 weeks of age failed to protect calves from low dose, aerosol M. bovis challenge at 2.5 months of age. In contrast, M. bovis bacille Calmette Guerin (BCG)-vaccinates had reduced tuberculosis-associated pathology as compared to non- and mc(2)6030-vaccinates. Mycobacterial colonization was not impacted by vaccination. Positive prognostic indicators associated with reduced pathology in the BCG-vaccinated group were decreased antigen induced IFN-gamma, iNOS, IL-4, and MIP1-alpha responses, increased antigen induced FoxP3 expression, and a diminished activation phenotype (i.e., downward arrow CD25+ and CD44+ cells and upward arrow CD62L+ cells) in mycobacterial-stimulated mononuclear cell cultures. The calf sensitization and challenge model provides an informative screen for candidate tuberculosis vaccines before their evaluation in costly non-human, primates.

PMID:
17931755
DOI:
10.1016/j.vaccine.2007.08.029
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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