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Proc Soc Exp Biol Med. 1975 Dec;150(3):606-11.

The effect of dexamethasone on urinary acidification.

Abstract

Although it is well recognized that mineralocorticoids enhance renal acid excretion, the effect of glucocorticoids on renal acidification is unclear. Oral administration of dexamethasone to six healthy volunteers for 1 week at a daily dose of 4.5 mg was associated with mild respiratory alkalosis and a small but statistically significant increase in baseline urine pH. However, neither the ability to lower urine pH nor to excrete titratable acid and ammonium after NH4Cl acid-loading was altered. Administration of a single intravenous dose of dexamethasone sodium phosphate (7.5 mg) was associated with a significant rise in urine pH and potassium excretion and decreased titratable acid, ammonium , and phosphorus excretion in the absence of changes in blood acid-base status, creatinine clearance, or urine flow.

PMID:
1793
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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