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Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2007 Oct;71(10):2527-33. Epub 2007 Oct 7.

Major isoflavonoid contents of the 1-year-cultivated phytoestrogen-rich herb, Pueraria mirifica.

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1
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, Thailand. cwichai@sc.chula.ac.th

Abstract

Pueraria mirifica is a tuberous plant enriched with active phytoestrogens. There is no established information about the factors influencing isoflavonoid storage in the tubers. We investigated the tuberous storage of the major isoflavonoids of 1-year-old plants. Four cultivars of P. mirifica were cultivated in the same field trial during the same period to establish a unique plant age and differentiation under the same environment and soil conditions. The tubers collected from the 1-year-old plants in the summer, rainy season and winter were submitted to an HPLC analysis with a gradient system comprising 0.1% acetic acid and acetonitrile. Five major isoflavonoids, puerarin, daidzin, genistin, daidzein and genistein, were adopted as standards. P. mirifica tubers of different cultivars collected in the same season exhibited significant differences in individual and total isoflavonoid contents, showing chemovariety. P. mirifica tubers of the same cultivar collected from different seasons also exhibited significant differences in individual and total isoflavonoid contents, showing the influence of season. In conclusion, the tuberous storage of major isoflavonoids in 1-year-cultivated plants was greatly diverse and was strongly influenced by the season and plant genetics.

PMID:
17928711
DOI:
10.1271/bbb.70316
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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