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Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2007 Dec;293(6):C1924-33. Epub 2007 Oct 10.

Regulation of cAMP dynamics by Ca2+ and G protein-coupled receptors in the pancreatic beta-cell: a computational approach.

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1
Department of Medicine, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA. lfridlia@medicine.bsd.uchicago.edu

Abstract

In this report we describe a mathematical model for the regulation of cAMP dynamics in pancreatic beta-cells. Incretin hormones such as glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) increase cAMP and augment insulin secretion in pancreatic beta-cells. Imaging experiments performed in MIN6 insulinoma cells expressing a genetically encoded cAMP biosensor and loaded with fura-2, a calcium indicator, showed that cAMP oscillations are differentially regulated by periodic changes in membrane potential and GLP-1. We modeled the interplay of intracellular calcium (Ca(2+)) and its interaction with calmodulin, G protein-coupled receptor activation, adenylyl cyclases (AC), and phosphodiesterases (PDE). Simulations with the model demonstrate that cAMP oscillations are coupled to cytoplasmic Ca(2+) oscillations in the beta-cell. Slow Ca(2+) oscillations (<1 min(-1)) produce low-frequency cAMP oscillations, and faster Ca(2+) oscillations (>3-4 min(-1)) entrain high-frequency, low-amplitude cAMP oscillations. The model predicts that GLP-1 receptor agonists induce cAMP oscillations in phase with cytoplasmic Ca(2+) oscillations. In contrast, observed antiphasic Ca(2+) and cAMP oscillations can be simulated following combined glucose and tetraethylammonium-induced changes in membrane potential. The model provides additional evidence for a pivotal role for Ca(2+)-dependent AC and PDE activation in coupling of Ca(2+) and cAMP signals. Our results reveal important differences in the effects of glucose/TEA and GLP-1 on cAMP dynamics in MIN6 beta-cells.

PMID:
17928534
DOI:
10.1152/ajpcell.00555.2006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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