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Neuroscience. 2007 Nov 30;150(1):31-9. Epub 2007 Aug 30.

Synaptic localization of seizure-induced matrix metalloproteinase-9 mRNA.

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1
Department of Neurophysiology, Nencki Institute of Experimental Biology, 02-093 Warsaw, Poland.

Abstract

The phenomenon of dendritic transport and local translation of mRNA is considered to be one of the most fundamental mechanisms underlying long-term synaptic plasticity. Matrix metalloproteinase 9 (gelatinase B) (MMP-9) is a matrix metalloproteinase implicated in synaptic long-term potentiation and hippocampus-dependent memory. It was recently shown to be prominently up-regulated in the hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG) upon kainate-mediated seizures. Here, using a high resolution nonradioactive in situ hybridization at the light- and electron-microscopic levels, as well as subcellular fractionation, we provide evidence that in the rat hippocampus, MMP-9 mRNA is associated with dendrites and dendritic spines bearing asymmetric (excitatory) synapses. Moreover we observe that after kainate treatment the number of dendrites and synapses containing MMP-9 mRNA increases markedly. Our results indicate that we are observing the phenomenon of dendritic transport of seizure-induced MMP-9 mRNA.

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